PENICILLIN G (MW: 334.4)

PENICILLIN G (MW: 334.4)

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C16H18N2O4S

SOURCE: Penicillium species
USE: antibiotic (also known as benzylpenicillin).
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Graphic by Stephen McNeilpeople.ok.ubc.ca/wsmcneil/
Benzylpenicillin (INN, AAN, BAN), commonly known as penicillin G, (USAN) is a narrow spectrumpenicillin antibiotic that is given intravenously or intramuscularly as a treatment for syphilis,meningitis, endocarditis, pneumonia, lung abscessesand septicaemia in children.[1] Penicillin G is typically given by injection parenterally, bypassing the intestines, because it is unstable in the highly acidic stomach. Because the […] read more
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Benzylpenicillin (INN, AAN, BAN), commonly known as penicillin G, (USAN) is a narrow spectrumpenicillin antibiotic that is given intravenously or intramuscularly as a treatment for syphilis,meningitis, endocarditis, pneumonia, lung abscessesand septicaemia in children.[1] Penicillin G is typically given by injection parenterally, bypassing the intestines, because it is unstable in the highly acidic stomach. Because the drug is given parenterally, higher tissue concentrations of penicillin G can be achieved than is possible withphenoxymethylpenicillin. These higher concentrations translate to increased antibacterial activity.

It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, a list of the most important medications needed in a basic health system.[2]

(From Wikipedia, July 2015)

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