Play: Prochlorococcus is a PLANKTON SPECIES.
Fact: This is possibly the Earth’s most plentiful species & accounts for an estimated 20% of the oxygen in the atmosphere.
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Graphic by Derek Tanwww3.botany.ubc.ca/derek/portfolio.html
Photo by David Patterson and Bob Anderseneol.org/data_objects/27471868
Prochlorococcus is a genus of very small (0.6 µm) marine cyanobacteria with an unusual pigmentation (chlorophyll b). These bacteria belong to the photosynthetic picoplankton and are probably the most abundant photosynthetic organism on Earth. Microbes of the genus Prochlorococcus are among the major primary producers in the ocean, responsible for at least 20% of atmospheric oxygen. Analysis of the genome sequences […] read more
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Play: Tolypothrix spp. is a PLANKTON SPECIES.
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Graphic by Emilie Clarkwww.emilieclark.com
Cyanobacteria /saɪˌænoʊbækˈtɪəriə/, also known as Cyanophyta, is a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis. The name “cyanobacteria” comes from the color of the bacteria (Greek: κυανός (kyanós) = blue). They are often called blue-green algae, but some consider that name a misnomer as cyanobacteria are prokaryotic and algae should be eukaryotic, although other definitions of algae encompass prokaryotic organisms. By producing oxygen as a gas as a by-product of photosynthesis, cyanobacteria are thought […] read more