Unicellular Transposon Study

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Task : Identify the structure and location of transposable elements in the genome, as well as their possible role in epigenetic control.

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A transposable element (TE or transposon) is a DNA sequence that can change its position within a genome, sometimes creating or reversing mutations and altering the cell’s genome size. Transposition often results in duplication of the TE. Barbara McClintock‘s discovery of thesejumping genes earned her a Nobel Prize in 1983.[1] Transposable elements make up a […] read more

Invertebrate Gene Knockout

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Task : Study the biological effects of disrupting specific genes in a multicellular model organism.


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A gene knockout (abbreviation: KO) is a genetic technique in which one of an organism‘s genes is made inoperative (“knocked out” of the organism). Also known as knockout organisms or simply knockouts, they are used in learning about a gene that has been sequenced, but which has an unknown or incompletely known function. Researchers draw […] read more

Cancer Research

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Task: Study the genetics of human tumor development using a vertebrate model organisim.


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Cancer research is basic research into cancer to identify causes and develop strategies for prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and cure.[1] Cancer research ranges from epidemiology, molecular bioscience to the performance of clinical trials to evaluate and compare applications of the various cancer treatment. These applications include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy and combined treatment […] read more

Plant Transcriptomics

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Task: Study changes in gene expression that occur when plants defend themselves from pests and pathogens.

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The transcriptome is the set of all messenger RNA molecules in one cell or a population of cells. It differs from the exome in that it includes only those RNA molecules found in a specified cell population, and usually includes the amount or concentration of each RNA molecule in addition to the molecular identities. The […] read more

Phylogenetic Analysis

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Task: Infer the evolutionary relationships of different species by comparing their genetic sequences.


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In biology, phylogenetics /ˌfaɪloʊdʒəˈnɛtɪks, –lə–/[1][2] (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon = tribe, clan, race + γενετικός – genetikós = origin, source, birth)[3] is the study of the evolutionaryhistory and relationships among individuals or groups of organisms (e.g. species, or populations). These relationships are discovered through phylogenetic inference methods that evaluate observed heritable traits, such […] read more

Common Garden Experiment

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Task : Differentiate between genetic and environmental effects on plant traits such as growth and flowering time.

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Transplant experiment, also known as a common garden experiment (although this term is more plant specific), is an experiment where one or more organisms are moved from one environment to another environment. In a usual common garden experiment, two species of plants growing in their native environments would both be transplanted in a common environment. […] read more