A gene knockout (abbreviation: KO) is a genetic technique in which one of an organism‘s genes is made inoperative (“knocked out” of the organism). Also known as knockout organisms or simply knockouts, they are used in learning about a gene that has been sequenced, but which has an unknown or incompletely known function. Researchers draw inferences from the difference between the knockout organism and normal individuals.
The term also refers to the process of creating such an organism, as in “knocking out” a gene. The technique is essentially the opposite of agene knockin. Knocking out two genes simultaneously in an organism is known as a double knockout (DKO). Similarly the terms triple knockout (TKO) and quadruple knockouts (QKO) are used to describe three or four knocked out genes, respectively.
(From: Wikipedia, June 2016)