Black Fly

Simulium spp.
Scale 4 Diat: herbivore , Hierachy 2
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2 POINTS

Play Can eat mammals. Has a MOVE of 2

Fact: Boreal biologists often recite the following zen koan to maintain sanity: “Time’s fun when you’re having flies” -Kermit the Frog.

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Graphic by Elly Knighttwitter.com/ellycknight
Simulium is a genus of black flies, which may transmit diseases such as onchocerciasis (river blindness). It is a large genus with several hundred species, and 41 subgenera.[1] The flies are pool feeders. Their saliva, which contains anticoagulants, a number of enzymes and histamine, is mixed with the blood, preventing clotting until it is ingested […] read more

Mosquitoes

Cules, Anopheles, & Aedes spp.
Scale 3 Diat: herbivore , Hierachy 2
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2 POINTS

Play: Can eat mammals. Has a MOVE of 2.

Fact: The food chain in the boreal forest would collapse without the hordes of mosquitoes that provide food for many mammals.

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Graphic by Donald Solick
Anopheles /əˈnɒfᵻliːz/[1] (Greek anofelís: “useless”[2]) is a genus of mosquito first described and named by J. W. Meigen in 1818.[3] About 460 species are recognised; while over 100 can transmit human malaria, only 30–40 commonly transmit parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which cause malaria in humans in endemic areas. Anopheles gambiae is one of the […] read more

Mosquitoes

Culex, Anopheles, & Aedes spp.
Scale 3 Diat: herbivore , Hierachy 2
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2 POINTS

Play: Can eat mammals. Has a MOVE of 2

Fact The clouds of mosquitoees in the boreal forest are due to the abundance of wetlands, which mosquitoes require for breeding.

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Graphic by Jonathan DeMoorwww.borealisimages.ca/
Culex is a genus of mosquitoes, several species of which serve as vectors of one or more important diseases of birds, humans and other animals. The diseases they vector include arbovirus infections such as West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis, or St. Louis encephalitis, but also filariasis, and avian malaria. They occur worldwide except for the […] read more

Dragonfly Species

Odonata spp.
Scale 4 Diat: carnivore , Hierachy 3
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3 POINTS

Play: This dragonfly has a MOVE of 2.

Fact: As the apex preadators of the insect world, you can watch dragonflies catch mosquitoes in flight (hopefully around your head).

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Graphic by Jonathan DeMoorwww.borealisimages.ca/
Odonata is an order of carnivorous insects, encompassing the dragonflies (Anisoptera) and the damselflies (Zygoptera). The Odonata form a clade, which has existed since the Triassic. Dragonflies are generally larger, and perch with their wings held out to the sides; damselflies have slender bodies, and hold their wings over the body at rest. (From: Wikipedia, […] read more

Longhorn Beetle

Monochamus scutellatus
Scale 4 Diat: herbivore , Hierachy 2
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4 POINTS

Fact: This beetle is found in postfire areas because its larvae eat dead wood, which in turn helps return nutrients to the soil.

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Graphic by Elly Knighttwitter.com/ellycknight
Monochamus scutellatus, commonly known as the white-spotted sawyer, spruce sawyer, or spruce beetle in Alberta[1] is a common wood-boring beetle found throughout North America.[2] Adults are large-bodied and black, with very long antennae; in males, they can be up to twice the body length, but in females they are only slightly longer than body length. […] read more

Canadian Swallowtail

Papilio canadensis
Scale 4 Diat: herbivore , Hierachy 2
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4 POINTS

Fact: Swallowtails are often seen in groups at mud puddles-these are males “puddling” to collect salts necessary for reproduction.

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Graphic by Jonathan DeMoorwww.borealisimages.ca/
Papilio canadensis, the Canadian tiger swallowtail, is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae. It was once classified as a subspecies of Papilio glaucus. (From: Wikipedia, April 2017) read more