Sedge Species

Carex spp.
Scale 8 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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2 POINTS

Fact: Sedges can be confused with grasses, but are found in wet areas and have three-sided stems: remember “Sedges have edges”.

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Graphic by Jonathan DeMoorwww.borealisimages.ca/
Carex is a vast genus of almost 2,000 species[2] of grassy plants in the family Cyperaceae, commonly known as sedges (or seg, in older books). Other members of the Cyperaceae family are also called sedges, however those of genus Carex may be called “true” sedges, and it is the most species-rich genus in the family. […] read more

Grass Species

Poaceae spp.
Scale 7 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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1 POINTS

Fact: There are > 100 grass species in the boreal forest, many of which have been introduced from Europe and are considered invasive weeds.

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Graphic by Jonathan DeMoorwww.borealisimages.ca/
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses. Poaceae includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and cultivated lawns (turf) and pasture. Grasses have stems that are hollow except at the nodes and narrow alternate leaves borne in two ranks. The lower […] read more

Geonoma schottiana

Arecaceae geonoma schottiana
Scale 8 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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2 POINTS

FACT: Specimens of this plant were collected by Darwin at Bahia (Salvador) in March 1832.

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Graphic by Golly Bardgollybard.blogspot.ca/
Geonoma is a genus of small to medium-sized palms native to the forest understorey of tropical Central and South America. This palm genus is one of the largest in the Neotropics.[1] Its 64 species are distributed from Mexico andHaiti in the north to Paraguay in the south; two are found in the insular Caribbean.[2] The […] read more

Duckweed

Lemnoideae subfamily
Scale 4 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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3 POINTS

Fact: Duckweed is an important high protein food source for waterfowl. As it contains more protein than soybeans, it is often cited as a potential human food source.

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Graphic by Edward Step (1895)
Duckweeds, or water lens, are flowering aquatic plants which float on or just beneath the surface of still or slow-moving bodies of fresh water and wetlands. Also known as “bayroot,” they arose from within the arum or aroid family (Araceae),[1] and therefore, often are classified as the subfamily Lemnoideae within the Araceae. Classifications created prior […] read more

Yellow Iris

Iris pseudacorus
Scale 7 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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2 POINTS

Fact: This plant has been used as a form of water treatment since it has the ability to take up heavy metals through its roots.

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Graphic by O.W. Thome (1903)
Iris pseudacorus (yellow flag, yellow iris, water flag) is a species in the genus Iris, of the family Iridaceae. It is native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa. Its specific epithet, meaning “false acorus,” refers to the similarity of its leaves to those of Acorus calamus, as they have a prominently veined mid-rib and […] read more

Maize

Zea mays
Scale 9 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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3 POINTS

Fact: An ear of Zea mays commonly holds about 600 kernels.

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Graphic by O'Reillyanimals.oreilly.com/
Maize (/ˈmeɪz/ mayz; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taíno mahiz), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica inprehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain the grain, which are seeds called kernels. Maize kernels are often used in cooking as […] read more