Norway Spruce

Picea abies
Scale 9 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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3 POINTS

FACT: During the Ice Age, few Norway spruces grew in ice-free areas. After the retreat of the ice, the trees spread to the milder tundra landscape.

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Graphic by Thøgersen&Stouby | Enforewww.thogersen-stouby.dk/
Picea abies, the Norway spruce,[3] is a species of spruce native to Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.[4] It has branchlets that typically hang downwards, and the largest cones of any spruce, 9–17 cm (3 1⁄2–6 3⁄4 in) long. It is very closely related to the Siberian spruce(Picea obovata), which replaces it east of the Ural Mountains, and with which it hybridises freely. The Norway spruce is widely planted for its wood, and […] read more

Black Spruce

Picea mariana
Scale 9 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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3 POINTS

Fact: Black spruce cones grow in a large clump at the top of the tree to protect them from wildfire-giving the trees a characteristic type.

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Graphic by Jonathan DeMoorwww.borealisimages.ca/
Picea mariana (black spruce) is a North American species of spruce tree in the pine family. It is widespread across Canada, found in all 10 provinces and all 3 Arctic territories. Its range extends into northern parts of the United States: in Alaska, the Great Lakes region, and the upper Northeast. It is a frequent […] read more

White Spruce

Picea glauca
Scale 9 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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3 POINTS

Fact: White spruce is a climax tree species in the boreal forest; it grows up in the understory shade, then takes over until the next fire.

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Graphic by Jonathan DeMoorwww.borealisimages.ca/
Picea glauca, the white spruce,[2] is a species of spruce native to the northern temperate and boreal forests in North America. Picea glauca was originally native from central Alaska all through the east, across southern/central Canada to the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland. It now has become naturalized southward into the far northern United States border […] read more

Norfolk Island Pine

Araucaria mirabilis
Scale 9 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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2 POINTS

Fact: Araucarian conifers were dominant during the Jurassic period. They were found in tropical rain forests.

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Graphic by Dinosaurs Unearthedwww.dinosaursunearthed.com/
Araucaria mirabilis is an extinct species of coniferous tree from Patagonia, Argentina. It belongs to the section Bunya (the only living species of which is Araucaria bidwillii from Australia) of the genus Araucaria. A. mirabilis are known from large amounts of very well preserved silicified wood and cones from the Cerro Cuadrado Petrified Forest, including […] read more

Pacific Yew

Taxus brevifolio
Scale 9 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1
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1 POINTS

FACT: The drug Paclitaxel is isolated from the bark of the Pacific Yew Tree.

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Graphic by Julia K. Kreutzjuliakreutz.com/
Taxus brevifolia (Pacific yew or western yew) is a conifernative to the Pacific Northwest of North America. It ranges from southernmost Alaska south to central California, mostly in the Pacific Coast Ranges, but with isolated disjunctpopulations in southeast British Columbia (most notably occurring on Zuckerberg Island near Castlegar) and in north to central Idaho.[1][2][3][4][5][6] The […] read more

Monkey Puzzle Tree

Araucaria araucana
Scale 9 Diat: photosynthetic , Hierachy 1

1 POINTS

Fact: Because of the great age of this species, it is sometimes described as a living fossil.

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Araucaria araucana (commonly called the monkey puzzle tree, monkey tail tree, Chilean pine, orpehuén) is an evergreen tree growing to 40 m (130 ft) tall with a 2-m (7-ft) trunk diameter. The tree is native to central and southern Chile and western Argentina.[1] Araucaria araucana is the hardiest species in theconifer genus Araucaria. Because of the great […] read more