Mountain AvensDryas octopetala
FACT: A frugal plant. It takes 10 years from seed germination until it blossoms.
Sphagnum MossSphagnum spp.
Fact: Sphagnum moss shapes the boreal forest by absorbing water and producing acid, which causes the development of peat bogs.
Sedge SpeciesCarex spp.
Fact: Sedges can be confused with grasses, but are found in wet areas and have three-sided stems: remember “Sedges have edges”.
Grass SpeciesPoaceae spp.
Fact: There are > 100 grass species in the boreal forest, many of which have been introduced from Europe and are considered invasive weeds.
Willow SpeciesSalix spp.
Fact: The many species of willow in the boreal forest often hybridize, making them notoriously difficult to identify.
Red Osier DogwoodCornus stolonifera
Fact: Dogwood in indicative of nutrient rich sites in the boreal forest and is preferred winter browse for many ungulates.